The last decade has seen a rapid advance, in the management options. in treating Pelvic Floor Disorders. Symptoms associated with Urogynaecology are not life threatening, but they can have an impact of the quality of life, faced by women.
The common problems when one has a urogynaecoloical dysfunction are with respect to pelvic floor and urinary incontinence.
This condition occurs due to weakness in the Pelvic floor muscles. Pelvic organ Prolapse is also referred to as Genital Prolapse or Uterine Prolapse. Prolapse in simple terms means vital organs falling off their original places. Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition among women with atleast 40% of them facing it at some stage in their lives.
The most common types of Pelvic Organ Prolapse noticed are:
In simple terms, unintentional leakage of urine (either in large quantity or few drops), is referred to as Urinary Incontinence.
There are two main types of incontinence: Stress Incontinence and Urge Incontinence.
Studies and Researches conducted have also indicated that out of 35-45% of women, who face incontinence problem, about 20-25% are purely stress Incontinence while around 3-5% are purely urge incontinence. The remaining 11% of women are also known to face another condition known as mixed incontinence, which is a mix of both stress and urge incontinence. The types of incontinence treatments include physical therapies, behavioral therapies as well as surgeries.
Source : Campbells text book Urology